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In this Spring 2020 issue of Cardiothoracic Surgery Update, Dr. Inderpal S. Sarkaria, UPMC Director of Thoracic Robotic Surgery and Vice Chairman of Clinical Affairs, along with Dr. Manisha Shende, Chief of Thoracic Surgery at UPMC Hamot, explore the complementary relationship between two robotic technologies used to diagnose and treat early-stage lung cancers: robotic bronchoscopy and robotic lobectomy. Also in this issue, innovative research on ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) strategies are identified. Doctors compare and contrast the benefits of bioprosthetic valves versus mechanical valves for certain, qualifying patient populations who must undergo aortic valve replacements. Additionally, this issue recognizes UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, which was ranked #3 in the nation in Pediatric Cardiology and Heart Surgery by U.S. News and World Report, among other high honors. 

Educational Objectives: 

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Identify the benefits of robotic lobectomy and robotic bronchoscopy
  • Recall ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) and describe how animal EVLP models have been used to test potential alterations to clinical lung transplant protocols
  • Identify patients between the ages of 50 and 70 who require heart valve replacement


Drs. Nick Baker, Ryan M. Levy, Victor Morell, Kentaro Noda, Pablo G. Sanchez, Manisha Shende, and Ibrahim Sultan have reported no relevant relationships with entities producing health care goods or services.

Drs. Thomas G. Gleason, Arman Kilic, and Inderpal Sarkaria have financial interests with the following entity or entities producing health care goods or services as indicated below:

  • Dr. Gleason discloses being a consultant on the Medical Advisory Board, and receiving grant/research support with Medtronic and Boston Scientific. 
  • Dr. Kilic discloses being a consultant for Medtronic, Inc and also serving on the Medical Advisory Board. 
  • Dr. Sarkaria is a member of the Speakers Bureau for Intuitive Surgical, Inc.

All presenters' disclosure of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services, used on, or consumed by, patients is listed above.  No other planners, members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Accreditation Statement:

In support of improving patient care, the University of Pittsburgh is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

The University of Pittsburgh designates enduring material activity for a maximum of 0.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit[s]™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Other health care professionals will receive a certificate of attendance confirming the number of contact hours commensurate with the extent of participation in this activity.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 2/21/2020 | Last Modified On: 2/21/2020 | Expires: 2/22/2021

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