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In this issue of Cardiothoracic Surgery Update, we provide updates on upcoming events, clinical trials, and research initiatives. This issue also discusses the importance of preparing our cardiothoracic surgical residents to become successful, independent surgeons through comprehensive training, exposure to research opportunities, and access to a dynamic learning environment.

Educational Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Describe their skills in teaching cardiothoracic surgical residents through better understanding the challenges and potential benefits of the current system
  • Identify the importance of residents continuing their specialty training and exposing themselves to new fields
  • Explain the potential benefits of robot-assisted, minimally invasive repair of GPEH
  • Explain the basic tenets of GPEH repair
  • Identify the potential benefits of lung transplantation with donation after circulatory determination of death (DCDD)
  • Describe the standardized protocols typically used by institutions in the United States when caring for patients who are candidates for DCDD
  • Describe the congenital abnormalities present in pediatric patients with complex transposition of the great arteries (TGA)
  • Describe the basic steps of the Nikaidoh procedure for correction of complex transposition of the great arteries


Dr. Morell has financial interests with the following entity or entities producing health care goods or services as indicated below:

  • Consultant: Capricor

Dr. Sanchez has financial interests with the following entity or entities producing health care goods or services as indicated below:

  • Grant/Research Support: Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Dr. Sarkaria has financial interests with the following entity or entities producing health care goods or services as indicated below:

  • CE Speakers Bureau: Intuitive Surgical, Inc.

Dr. Sciortino has reported no relevant relationships with entities producing health care goods or services.

All presenters disclosure of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services, used on, or consumed by, patients is listed above. No other planners, members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Accreditation Statement:

In support of improving patient care, the University of Pittsburgh is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

The University of Pittsburgh designates enduring material activity for a maximum of 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit[s]™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Other health care professionals will receive a certificate of attendance confirming the number of contact hours commensurate with the extent of participation in this activity.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.


Release Date: 11/22/2017 | Last Modified On: 1/13/2020 Expires: 12/16/2020

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