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This course will discuss risk factors for congestive heart failure, review effectiveness of standard therapies, and emphasize the importance of enhanced monitoring and early intervention.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Review the epidemiology and natural history of heart failure.
  • Explain standard care for heart failure patients.
  • Discuss when and who to refer for advanced heart failure therapies.

Reading Resources:

  1. Strueber M, O'Driscoll G, Jansz P, Khaghani A, Levy WC, Wieselthaler GM; HeartWare Investigators. Multicenter Evaluation of an Intrapericardial Left Ventricular Assist System. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Mar 22;57(12):1375-82.
  2. Abraham WT, et al. Wireless Pulmonary Artery Haemodynamic Monitoring in Chronic Heart Failure: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Lancet. 2011 Feb 19;377(9766):658-66.


Dr. Mathier has reported no relevant relationships with any entities producing health care goods or services.

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of .75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.075) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to .75 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 5/5/2015 | Last Modified On: 5/5/2015 | Expires: 5/5/2016

This course has been expired.