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Dr. Jamie Johnston discusses the various types of sodium disorders that are encountered in day to day practice and some of the changes in therapy over the last 5-10 years.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Discuss the treatment of hyponatremia                                                                            
  • Recognize the various types of sodium disorders                                                            
  • Describe a plan to treat potassium problems        

Reading Resources:

  1. Comparison of hyponatremia and SIADH frequency in patients with tick borne encephalitis and meningitis of other origin. Czupryna P1, Moniuszko A1, Garkowski A2, Pancewicz S1, Zajkowska J1. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2016 Jan 19:1-6
  2. Response to IV immunoglobulin in a case of osmotic demyelination syndrome. BMJ Case Rep. 2015 Nov 25;2015. pii: bcr2015212985. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2015-212985.
  3. A Case of Osmotic Demyelination Presenting with Severe Hypernatremia. Electrolyte Blood Press. 2015 Jun;13(1):30-6. doi: 10.5049/EBP.2015.13.1.30. Epub 2015 Jun 30.


Dr. Johnston has reported no relevant relationships with any entities producing health care goods or services.

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of .75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.075) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to .75 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 2/26/2016 | Last Modified On: 2/26/2016 | Expires: 2/27/2017

This course has been expired.