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Drs. R. Mark Richardson, Robert Hudak, Robert Howland, and Alexandra Popescu each present from Brain Stimulation for Movement Disorders, OCD, and Epilepsy Symposium.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Discuss diagnosis, epidemiology, and use of DBS for OCDReview the usage of DBS for the treatment of depression
  • Describe the use of neurostimulation in the treatment of epilepsy
  • Discuss the future of DBS, including ongoing research

Reading Resources:

  1. Dougherty DD, Baer L, Cosgrove GR, Cassem EH, Price BH, Nierenberg AA, Jenike MA, Rauch SL. Prospective long-term follow-up of 44 patients who received cingulotomy for treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry 2002; 159:269-275.
  2. McGrath PJ et al. AmJ Psych. 2006;163:1531-1541.
  3. Trivedi MH et al. N Engl J Med. 2006;354:1243-1252.
  4. Morris GL III and Mueller WM. Neurology. 1999;53:1731-1735.
  5. Husain MM, et al. Ann Gen Psychiatry. 2005;4:16.
  6. Suthana N, et. al. Memory Enhancement and Deep Brain Stimulation of the Entorhinal Area. NEJM 2012;366;502-10.


Drs. Richardson, Hudak, and Popescu have reported no relevant relationships with any entities producing health care goods or services.

Dr. Howland has financial interests with the following any entity or entities producing health care goods or services as indicated below:

  • Grant/Research Support: Cyberonics, Medtronic,NeoSync, Shire

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.15) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to 1.5 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 6/10/2015 | Last Modified On: 6/10/2015 | Expires: 6/10/2016

This course has been expired.