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Dr. Michael Bell discusses the current state of care for the child with severe traumatic brain injury and how we might advance in the future to improve outcomes.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Improve their management of pediatric traumatic brain injury by review of the criteria used for evidenced-based guidelines
  • Improve the management of children with severe pediatric TBI by using evidenced-based practices
  • Improve management of children with severe pediatric TBI by evaluating randomized-controlled trials and observational studies

Reading Resources:

  1. Shi, J., et al., Costs, mortality likelihood and outcomes of hospitalized US children with traumatic brain injuries. Brain Inj, 2009. 23(7): p. 602-11.
  2. Adelson, P.D., et al., Comparison of hypothermia and normothermia after severe traumatic brain injury in children (Cool Kids): a phase 3, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Neurol, 2013. 12(6): p. 546-53.
  3. Kochanek, P.M., et al., Guidelines for the acute medical management of severe traumatic brain injury in infants, children, and adolescents--second edition. Pediatr Crit Care Med, 2012. 13 Suppl 1: p. S1-82.


Dr. Bell has financial interests with the following any entity or entities producing health care goods or services as indicated below:

  • Grant/Research Support: NIH
  • Consultant: Bensis Healthcare

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditsTM. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.05) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to 0.5 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 9/19/2013 | Last Modified On: 9/190/2013 | Expires: 9/19/2014

This course has been expired.