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Dr. Rebecca Thurston discusses the various Vasomotor symptoms many women experience during menopause.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Discuss the occurrence and frequency of vasomotor symptoms in perimenopausal and early postmenopausal years
  • Review the physiology and risk factors for VMS
  • Recognize the current treatment options to reduce VMS symptoms in menopausal patients

Reading Resources:

  1. Kronenberg F. Hot flashes: Phenomenology, Quality of Life, and Search for Treatment Options. Exp Gerontol. 1994; 29: 319-336
  2. Thurston RC, Santoro N, Matthews KA. Are Vasomotor Symptoms Associated With Sleep Characteristics Among Symptomatic Midlife Women? Comparisons of Self-report and Objective Measures. Menopause. 2012; 19: 742-748
  3. Gold EB, Block G, Crawford S, Lachance L, FitzGerald G, Miracle H, Sherman S. Lifestyle and Demographic Factors in Relation To Vasomotor Symptoms: Baseline Results From the Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation. Am J Epidemiol. 2004; 159: 1189-1199


Dr. Thurston has reported no relevant relationships with any entities producing health care goods or services.

All presenters disclosure of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services, used on, or consumed by, patients is listed above.  No other planners, members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of .5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.05) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to .5 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 10/12/2016 | Last Modified On: 10/21/2016 | Expires: 10/23/2017

This course has been expired.