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Drs. Ernesto Santos and Theodore Yuo each present from the 2015 Vascular Symposium. These experts focus their presentations on tips and tricks for the treatment of central venous occlusion and individualizing the approach to hemodialysis access placement.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Improve decision-making skills in terms of choosing AVF versus AVG versus TDC in patients with ESRD.
  • Recognize recommendations form current guidelines as they pertain to placement of arteriovenous access for hemodialysis.
  • Improvement of patient selection when standard techniques fail in patients with CVOs.

Reading Resources:

  1. National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiatives (NKF-KDOQI) Guidelines for Dialysis Care. 2006 Updates Clinical Practice Guidelines and Recommendations. Vascular Access.
  3. Murad MH, Elamin MB, Sidawy AN, Malaga G, Rizvi AZ, Flynn DN, Casey ET, McCausland FR, McGrath MM, Vo DH, El-Zoghby Z, Duncan AA, Tracz MJ, Erwin PJ, Montori VM. Autogenous versus prosthetic vascular access for hemodialysis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Vasc Surg. 2008 Nov;48(5 Suppl):34S-47S.
  4. Sidawy AN, Spergel LM, Besarab A, Allon M, Jennings WC, Padberg FT Jr, Murad MH, Montori VM, O'Hare AM, Calligaro KD, Macsata RA, Lumsden AB, Ascher E; Society for Vascular Surgery. The Society for Vascular Surgery: clinical practice guidelines for the surgical placement and maintenance of arteriovenous hemodialysis access. J Vasc Surg. 2008 Nov;48(5 Suppl):2S-25S.


Dr. Santos has reported no relevant relationships with any entities producing health care goods or services

Dr. Yuo has financial interests with the following any entity or entities producing health care goods or services as indicated below:

  • Grant/Research Support: National Institutes of Health, KL2 grant

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of .5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.5) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to .5 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 12/22/15 | Last Modified On: 12/22/15 | Expires: 12/22/16

This course has been expired.