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Dr. Brooke Molina present on ADHD and Substance Abuse: A Developmental Model of Alcohol and other Substance Abuse Risk in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • List reasons why children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder have increased risk of substance use disorder
  • Discuss the potential positive impact of parenting effectiveness on substance use risk in children with ADHD
  • Describe the recent findings from a large multi-site study with regard to stimulant treatment and risk of substance use and disorder

Reading Resources:

  1. Molina, B.S.G., Pelham, W.E., Cheong, J., Marshal, M., Gnagy, E., & Curran, P.J. (2012).  Childhood ADHD and growth in adolescent alcohol use:  The roles of functional impairments, ADHD symptom persistence, and parental knowledge.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121(4), 922-935.
  2. Molina, B.S.G, Hinshaw, S.P., Arnold, L.E., Swanson, J.M., Pelham, W.E., Hechtman, L., Hoza, B., Epstein, J.N., Wigal, T., Abikoff, H.B., Greenhill, L.L., Jensen, P.S., Wells, K.C., Vitiello, B., Gibbons, R.D., Howard, A., Houck, P.R., Hur, K., Lu, B., Marcus. S & MTA Cooperative Group. (2013). Adolescent Substance Use in the Multimodal Treatment Study of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (MTA) as a Function of Childhood ADHD, Random Assignment to Childhood Treatments, and Subsequent Medication.  Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 52(3), 250-263.
  3. Lee, S.S., Humphreys, K.L., Flory, K., Liu, R., & Glass, K. (2011).  Prospective association of childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and substance use and abuse/dependence:  A meta-analytic review.  Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 328-341.


Dr. Molina has no relevant relationships with any entities producing health care goods or services.

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.1) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to 1.0 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 1/8/2014 | Last Modified On: 1/8/2014 | Expires: 1/8/2015

This course has been expired.