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Dr. Paul Gardner provides an overview of the indications for surgery, surgical approaches, and management of pituitary tumors in this recent CME production.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Discuss the advantages of the endoscopic endonasal approach for pituitary tumors
  • Describe the role of surgery in the management of pituitary tumors

Reading Resources:

  1. Kassam A, Snyderman CH, Mintz A, Gardner P, Carrau RL:  Expanded endonasal approach: the rostrocaudal axis. Part I. Crista galli to the sella turcica. Neurosurg Focus.  2005 Jul 15;19(1):E3.
  2. Kassam A, Snyderman CH, Mintz A, Gardner P, Carrau RL:  Expanded endonasal approach: the rostrocaudal axis. Part II. Posterior clinoids to the foramen magnum. Neurosurg Focus.  2005 Jul 15;19(1):E4.
  3. Kassam A, Snyderman CH, Carrau RL, Gardner P, Mintz A:  Endoneurosurgical hemostasis techniques:  lessons learned from 400 cases.  Neurosurg Focus.  2005 Jul 15;19(1):E7.
  4. Snyderman C, Kassam A, Carrau R, Mintz AH, Gardner P, Prevedello DM:  Acquisition of surgical skills for endonasal skull base surgery: a training program.  Laryngoscope  2007 Apr;117(4):699-705.
  5. Kassam AB, Prevedello DM, Thomas A, Gardner P, Mintz A, Snyderman C, Carrau R.  Endoscopic endonasal pituitary transposition for a transdorsum sellae approach to the interpeduncular cistern.  Neurosurgery. 2008 Mar;62(3 Suppl):57-72; discussion 72-4.
  6. Snyderman CH, Carrau RL, Kassam AB, Zanation A, Prevedello D, Gardner P, Mintz A.  Endoscopic skull base surgery: principles of endonasal oncological surgery.  J Surg Oncol. 2008 Jun;97(8):658-64. 


Dr. Gardner has financial interests with the following any entity or entities producing health care goods or services as indicated below:

  • Consultant: lntegra LifeSciences

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of 0.75 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditsTM and self-assessment credits toward Part 2 of the ABS MOC Program. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.075) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to 0.75 contact hours.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 5/11/2012 | Last Modified On: 11/10/2014 | Expires: 11/10/2015

This course has been expired.