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Dr. Timothy Ward provides an overview on low back pain in children and adolescents and reviews various pathologies and treatments options.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Discuss frequency and assessment of low back pain in children
  • Review etiology of low back pain in children
  • Describe relationship between low back pain as a child and as an adult
  • Review various pathologies for low back pain in children

Reading Resources:

  1. Hestbaek L, Leboeuf-Yde C, Kyvik KO, Manniche C. The course of low back pain from adolescence to adulthood: eight-year follow-up of 9600 twins. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Feb 15;31(4):468-72.
  2. Beutler WJ, Fredrickson BE, Murtland A, Sweeney CA, Grant WD, Baker D. The natural history of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis: 45-year follow-up evaluation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2003 May 15;28(10):1027-35; discussion 1035.
  3. Burton AK, Clarke RD, McClune TD, Tillotson KM.The natural history of low back pain in adolescents. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1996 Oct 15;21(20):2323-8.
  4. Burton AK. Low back pain in children and adolescents: to treat or not? Bull Hosp Jt Dis. 1996;55(3):127-9. Review.


Dr. Ward has reported no relevant relationships with any entities producing health care goods or services.

All presenters disclosure of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services, used on, or consumed by, patients is listed above.  No other planners, members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.1) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to 1 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 6/15/2015 | Last Modified On: 10/19/2016 | Expires: 10/19/2017

This course has been expired.