In this issue, several experts join together to discuss advances in aneurysm treatment; zero-profile anterior cervical discectomy and fusion device instead of standard plate fixation; treating cranial nerve disorders in older patients; and stereo-EEG for diagnostic epilepsy surgery.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Discuss new imaging techniques that are helping to better predict surgical outcomes for pediatric epilepsy patients
  • Describe surgical treatments available for children with Moyamoya Syndrome.
  • List common movement disorders found in children, including diagnosis and treatment.
  • Discuss novel therapeutics for malignant glioma

Reading Resources:

  1. Gururangan S, Fangusaro J, Poussaint TY, McLendon RE, Onar-Thomas A, Wu S, Packer RJ, Banerjee A, Gilbertson RJ, Fahey F, Vajapeyam S, Jakacki R, Gajjar A, Goldman S, Pollack IF, Friedman HS, Boyett JM, Fouladi M, Kun LE. Efficacy of bevacizumab plus irinotecan in children with recurrent low-grade gliomas--a Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium study. Neuro Oncol. 2014 Jan;16(2):310-7.
  2. Tamber MS, Mountz JM. Advances in the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy. Semin Nucl Med. 2012 Nov;42(6):371-86. doi: 10.1053/j.semnuclmed.2012.06.005.
  3. Zwagerman NT, Foster K, Jakacki R, Khan FH, Yock TI, Greene S. The development of moyamoya syndrome after proton beam therapy. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2014 Feb 5. 
  4. Lin JP, Lumsden DE, Gimeno H, Kaminska M. The impact and prognosis for dystonia in childhood including dystonic cerebral palsy: a clinical and demographic tertiary cohort study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2014 Mar 3.


Drs. Ian F. Pollack, Elizabeth Tyler-Kabara, Stephanie Greene, Mandeep S. Tamber, and Kimberly A. Foster have reported no relevant relationships with any entities producing health care goods or services.

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of .5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.05) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to .5 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 5/21/2014 | Last Modified On: 5/21/2014 | Expires: 5/21/2015

This course has been expired.