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Dr. Anita Pauline Courcoulas provides an overview of the growth of bariatric surgery and discusses the outcomes associated with the major approaches to the surgery. Adolescent bariatric surgery and metabolic surgeries are also addressed.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Discuss the indications, risk, and benefits of bariatric surgery procedure
  • List the results of metabolic surgery

Reading Resources:

  1. Comparison of 30-day outcomes after non-LapBand primary and revisional bariatric surgical procedures from the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery study. Inabnet WB 3rd, Belle SH, Bessler M, Courcoulas A, Dellinger P, Garcia L, Mitchell J, Oelschlager B, O'Rourke R, Pender J, Pomp A, Pories W, Ramanathan R, Wahed A, Wolfe B. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2010 Jan-Feb;6(1):22-30.
  2. The history and evolution of bariatric surgical procedures. Baker MT. Surg Clin North Am. 2011 Dec;91(6):1181-201, viii. Epub 2011 Oct 2. Review.
  3. Long-term outcomes of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in the United States. Spivak H, Abdelmelek MF, Beltran OR, Ng AW, Kitahama S. Surg Endosc. 2012 Jan 5.


Dr. Courcoulas has financial interests with the following any entity or entities producing health care goods or services as indicated below:

  • Grant/Research Support: Nutrisystem

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditsTM and self-assessment credits toward Part 2 of the ABS MOC Program. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.05) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to 0.5 contact hours.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 5/29/2012 | Last Modified On: 2/3/2017 | Expires: 2/3/2017

This course has been expired.