You are viewing the 1st of the 2 courses UPMC Physician Resources permits you to view without registering. To have full access to our FREE courses on our website, please register or log in now.

UPMC pulmonologist Dr. Patrick Strollo discusses strategies for optimizing positive airway pressure as a treatment for obstructive sleep apnea.

Educational Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Know what patient phenotypes benefit from heated humidification with positive airway pressure.
  • Determine which patients should be offered a trail of bi-level positive airway pressure.
  • Know the factors that determine CPAP adherence.  
  • Identify the patient phenotype in which adjunctive medical  treatment in addition to positive airway pressure is indicated.

Reading Resources:

  1. Weaver TE, Grunstein RR. Adherence to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy: The Challenge to Effective Treatment. Proc Am Thorac Soc 2008  5:173–178
  2. Ballard RD, Gay PC, Strollo PJ. Interventions to Improve Compliance in Sleep Apnea Patients Previously Non-Compliant with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. JCSM 2007 3: 706-712
  3. Luyster FS, Buysse DJ, Strollo PJ. Comorbid Insomnia and Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Challenges for Clinical Practice and Research. JCSM 2010 6: 196-204
  4. Santamaria J, Iranzo A, Ma Montserrat J, de Pablo J. Persistent sleepiness in CPAP Treated Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients: Evaluation and Treatment. Sleep Med Rev 2007 11:195-207


Dr. Strollo receives grant/research support from the following any entities producing healthcare goods or services:

  • Grant/Research Support: ResMed Corp, Philips Repsironics; and Inspire Medical Systems. 
  • Consultant: Rexmed

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditsTM. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.1) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to 1.0 contact hours.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 9/28/2011 | Last Modified On: 6/29/2014 | Expires: 6/29/2015

This course has been expired.