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Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is one of the most frequent sports injuries, with an incidence of 35 per 100,000 people per year, and with an approximately two to eight-times higher risk in female than in male athletes. It is estimated that between 75,000 and 100,000 ACL reconstruction procedures are performed annually in the United States alone.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Increase physicians awareness of different approaches used to individualize the treatment of anterior cruciate ligament injuries 
  • Improve surgeons graft choice based on patient’s individual needs

Reading Resources:

  1. Fu FH, van Eck CF, Tashman S, Irrgang JJ, Moreland MS. Anatomic Anterior Cruciate  Ligament Reconstruction: A Changing Paradigm. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2015; 640-648
  2. Fujimaki Y, Thorhauer E, Sasaki Y, Smolinski P, Tashman S and Fu FH. Quantitative  In Situ Analysis of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Length, Midsubstance  Cross-sectional Area, and Insertion Site Areas. Am J Sports Med. 2016; 44: 118-25.
  3. Forsythe B, Kopf S, Wong AK, et al. The Location of Femoral and Tibial Tunnels  in Anatomic Double-bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction  Analyzed by Three-dimensional Computed Tomography Models. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010; 1418-1426.


Doctors Fu, Herbst, and Albers report no relationships with any entities producing health care goods and services.

All presenters disclosure of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services, used on, or consumed by, patients is listed above.  No other planners, members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of .5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.05) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to .5 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 2/9/2017 | Last Modified On: 2/9/2017 | Expires: 2/9/2018

This course has been expired.