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In this presentation, Drs. Robert Friedlander and Thomas Cochrane each present on topics that include the effect of late-term pregnancy on neurosurgical disease and maternal-fetal issues in ethics and neurology.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Improve management of increased intracranial pressure in pregnancy
  • Improve management of brain hemorrhage in pregnancy
  • Improve management of pregnant patients with severe brain injury
  • Follow established criteria for management of pregnant patients who have been declared brain dead 

Reading Resources:

  1. Zeeman GG1, Hatab M, Twickler DM. Maternal cerebral blood flow changes in pregnancy.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Oct;189(4):968-72.
  2. Lv X1, Li Y2.The clinical characteristics and treatment of cerebral AVM in pregnancy. Neuroradiol J. 2015 Aug;28(4):385-8. doi: 10.1177/1971400915609332. Epub 2015 Oct 1.
  3. Reference O Antonio is the Beauchamp TL, Childress JF. Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 5th ed. Oxford University Press, 2001.
  4. Eclampsia Trial Collaborative Group. Which anticonvulsant for women with eclampsia? Evidence from the collaborative trial.  Lancet 1995;1455-63. 


Drs. Friedlander and Cochrane have reported no relevant relationships with any entities producing health care goods or services. 

All presenters disclosure of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services, used on, or consumed by, patients is listed above.  No other planners, members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.1) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to 1 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 10/10/2017 | Last Modified On: 10/10/2017 | Expires: 10/10/2018

This course has been expired.