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Dr. Ken Nischal discusses protocol for visual surveillance in craniosynostoses.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Know the definition of craniosynostosis
  • Identify the genetic causes of craniosynostosis
  • Identify treatment options for craniosynostosis

Reading Resources:

  1. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2012 Sep;130(3):452e-4e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e31S25f96b2. Discussion: nocturnal ultrasound measurements of optic nerve sheath diameter correlate with intracranial pressure in children with craniosynostosis. Nischal KK, Smith DM, Losee JE.
  2. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011 Aug;27(8)[3l:123El-96. doi: 10.1007/s00381-010-1378-5. Epub 2011 Jan 29. Visual feld loss in children with craniosynostosis. Liasis A, Walters B, Thompson D, Smith K, Hayward R, Nischal KK.
  3. Arch Ophthalmol. 2006 Aug;124(8):1119-26. Monitoring visual function in children with syndromic craniosynostosis: a comparison of 3 methods. Liasis A, Nischal KK, Walters B, Thompson D. Hardy 5. Towell A, Dunaway D, Jones B, Evans R, Hayward R.


Dr. Nischal has has financial interests with the following any entity or entities producing health care goods or services as indicated below:

Other: One-off advice for Cataract Panel

All presenters disclosure of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services, used on, or consumed by, patients is listed above.  No other planners, members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of 0.50 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditsTM. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.05) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to 0.50 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 6/4/2013 | Last Modified On: 6/8/2016 | Expires: 6/8/2017

This course has been expired.