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The field of concussion continues to advance at a rapid pace. If not diagnosed correctly and treated appropriately, concussions, or mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI), can have debilitating symptoms and prolonged recovery periods. Complex recoveries can lead to lost time at school or work, inability to participate in sports and recreational activities, and a host of other difficulties. Concussions require a multidisciplinary management approach for patients to realize optimal recovery and outcomes.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Describe the pathophysiology of concussion
  • Compare the six clinical profiles of concussion
  • Discuss primary and secondary factors for concussion outcomes

Reading Resources:

  1. Collins MW, Kontos AP, Reynolds E, Murawkski CD, Fu FH. A Comprehensive, Targeted Approach to the Clinical Care of Athletes Following Sport-Related Concussion. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2014; 22(2): 235-46
  2. Mucha A, Collins MW, Elbin RJ, Furman JM, Troutman-Enseki C, DeWolf RM, Marchetti GF, Kontos AP. A Brief Vestibular and Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) Assessment to Evaluate Preliminary Concussion: Preliminary Findings. Am J Sports Med. 2014; 42(10): 2479-86.
  3. Pearce KL, Sufrinko A, Lau BC, Henry L, Collins MW, Kontos AP. Near Point of Convergence After a Sport-Related Concussion: Measurement Reliability and Relationship to Neurocognitive Impairment and Symptoms. Am J Sports Med. 2015; 43(12): 3055-3061.
  4. Kontos A, Elbin RJ, Lau B, Simensky S, Freund B, French J, Collins MW. Post-traumatic Migraine as a Predictor of Recovery and Cognitive Impairment After Sports-related Concussion. Am J Sports Med. 2013; 41(7): 1497-1504.


Dr. Kontos receives grant and research support from General Electric, the National Football League, ElMindA Ltd, and Abbott Labs.

Dr. Collins is a shareholder with ImPACT Applications, Inc., and is a co-developer and co-founder.

All presenters disclosure of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services, used on, or consumed by, patients is listed above.  No other planners, members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of .75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.075) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to .75 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 11/15/2016 | Last Modified On: 9/29/2019 | Expires: 11/15/2020

This course has been expired.