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In this episode of Sight & Sound Bites, Deepinder K. Dhaliwal, MD, and Gary Hin-Fai Yam, PhD, identify corneal scarring and corneal endothelial degeneration diseases. They also describe conventional management and other innovative approaches to corneal transplantation and explain future regenerative therapy for corneal endothelial dysfunctions.

Educational Objectives 

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Identify corneal scarring diseases and conventional management 
  • Recall current research on the innovative approaches as alternative to corneal transplantation, including corneal stromal regeneration therapy, for corneal scarring 
  • Explain corneal endothelial degeneration diseases and conventional management 
  • Describe corneal endothelial stem cells as a future design of regenerative therapy for corneal endothelial dysfunctions 


Dr. Yam has reported no relevant relationships with entities producing health care goods or services.

Dr. Dhaliwal has financial interests with the following entity or entities producing health care goods or services as indicated below:

  • Grant/Research Support: Kowa
  • Consultant: Trefoil, medical advisory board for Trefoil

All presenters' disclosures of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services used on or consumed by patients is listed above. No other planners, members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers, and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Accreditation Statement

In support of improving patient care, the University of Pittsburgh is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

The University of Pittsburgh designates enduring material activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit[s]™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Other health care professionals will receive a certificate of attendance confirming the number of contact hours commensurate with the extent of participation in this activity.

For your credit transcript, please access our website four weeks postcompletion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page.

Release Date: 9/18/2020 | Last Modified On: 10/18/2021 | Expires: 10/13/2022

This course has been expired.