Skip to Content

Review of Patient-report and Caregiver-report Measures of Rehab Following ABI by Pitt Research Team

May 16, 2024

Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Pitt School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, along with colleagues from Drexel University and Medical University of South Carolina, published “Patient-report and caregiver-report measures of rehabilitation service use following acquired brain injury: a systematic review” in the journal BMJ Open.

The study aimed to review patient-report/caregiver-report measures of rehabilitation service use following acquired brain injury (ABI). Medline, APA PsycINFO, Embase, and CINAHL were searched on November 2021 and November 2022. Authors were contacted if measures were not included in manuscripts/appendices.

Included articles were empirical research or a research protocol, available in English and described measures of patient report/caregiver report of rehabilitation service use post-ABI via quantitative or qualitative methods. Two reviewers independently screened 5,290 records using DistillerSR. Discrepancies were resolved by team adjudication.

Data extraction was piloted with high levels of agreement (k=.94). Data were extracted by a single member with team meetings to seek guidance as needed. Data included administration characteristics (reporter, mode of administration, recall period), psychometric evidence, and dimensions assessed (types of services, setting, frequency, duration, intensity, qualitative aspects).

One hundred fifty-two measures were identified from 85 quantitative, 56 qualitative, and 3 psychometric studies. Psychometric properties were reported for four measures, all of which focused on satisfaction.

Most measures inquired about the type of rehabilitation services used, with more than half assessing functional (e.g. physical therapy) and behavioral health rehabilitation services, but fewer than half assessing community and academic reintegration (e.g. special education, vocational rehabilitation) or cognitive (e.g. neuropsychology) services. Fewer than half assessed qualitative aspects (e.g. satisfaction).

Recall periods ranged from 1 month to 'since the ABI event' or focused on current use. Of measures that could be accessed (n=71), many included a limited checklist of types of services used. Very few measures assessed setting, frequency, intensity, or duration.

Despite widespread interest, the vast majority of measures have not been validated and are limited in scope. Use of gold-standard psychometric methods to develop and validate a comprehensive patient-report/caregiver-report measure of rehabilitation service use would have wide-ranging implications for improving rehabilitation research in ABI.

Learn more.


Research Team

Sophie McCormick

Jessica M. Jarvis

Lauren Terhorst

Amanda Richardson

Lauren Kaseman

Aboli Kesbhat

Yamini Yepuri

Elizabeth Beyene

Helena VonVille

Roxanna Bendixen

Amery Treble-Barna