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How do our brains apply meaning to what we perceive visually in the world around us? For the past several years, the department’s Laboratory of Cognitive Neurodynamics, directed by Avniel Ghuman, PhD, has been studying how neural activity reflects information flow through brain networks responsible for visual perception of one’s environment. Recognizing that recordings from electrodes implanted in the human brain provide a unique opportunity to gather neural data with far greater fidelity than non-invasive neural recordings, Dr. Ghuman has built a robust research program involving invasive recordings in patients undergoing intracranial monitoring for seizure localization.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Recognize the value of the epilepsy monitoring unit for assessing real-world interactions and the important functions of the temporal lobe that can be assessed in the epilepsy monitoring research setting
  • Explain a common laboratory evaluation that can be performed preoperatively and a strategy to prevent surgical site infections based on the concept that prealbumin is predictive of risk
  • Identify another reason other than nutritional deficiency that could contribute toward a low prealbumin level
  • Describe changes in the inclusion criteria for invasive stroke treatment
  • Review the role of advanced neuroimaging in patient selection for invasive stroke treatment, and the standard of care for stroke patients with large vessel occlusions is evolving
  • Discuss the effect of thrombocytosis on patients in the general trauma population, and the association between interleukins and other cytokines and traumatic brain injury, and the effect of thrombocytosis on patients with severe TBI


Drs. Salvetti, Zussman,and Ares have reported no relevant relationships with entities producing health care goods or services

Dr. R. Mark Richardson has financial interests with the following entity or entities producing health care goods or services as indicated below:

  • Grant/Research Support: Voyager Therapeutics
  • Consultant: Zimmer Biomed

All presenters disclosure of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services, used on, or consumed by, patients is listed above. No other planners, members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Accreditation Statement:

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of .5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.05) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to .5 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 3/20/2018 | Last Modified On: 3/20/2018 | Expires: 3/20/2019

This course has been expired.