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In Session 5 of the Pediatric Cardiac Morphology Master Class, Robert Anderson, MD, FRCPath, Lizabeth Lanford, MD, Victor Morell, MD, and Diane Spicer, BS, PA (ASCP), describe anomalous pulmonary veins.

  • Dr. Anderson opens the session with the development of pulmonary veins
  • Ms. Spicer explains pulmonary venous abnormalities and associated malformations including totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) and partially anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC)
  • Dr. Lanford presents echocardiography of anomalous pulmonary veins
  • Dr. Morell concludes the session presenting surgical management of PAPVR and identifies Scimitar syndrome as the most complex form of PAPVR

Educational Objectives 

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Identify the embryologic origin of the normal pulmonary veins
  • Describe the surgical approach to partial anomalous pulmonary venous repair techniques
  • Describe types of anomalous pulmonary veins and what they encompass
  • Examine echocardiograms for different types of anomalous pulmonary venous connections
  • Review atrial arrhythmias and how they are common early and late complications in patients with PAPVR


Dr. Anderson, Dr. Lanford, Dr. Morell and Ms. Spicer have reported no relevant relationships with entities producing health care goods or services.

All presenters' disclosures of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services used on or consumed by patients is listed above. No other planners, members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers, and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Accreditation Statement

In support of improving patient care, the University of Pittsburgh is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

The University of Pittsburgh designates enduring material activity for a maximum of 1.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit[s]™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Other health care professionals will receive a certificate of attendance confirming the number of contact hours commensurate with the extent of participation in this activity.

For your credit transcript, please access our website four weeks postcompletion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page.

Release Date: 6/9/2020 | Last Modified On: 6/9/2020 | Expires: 6/9/2021

This course has been expired.