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Dr. Daniel Forman gives a presentation on heart failure, a disease of aging. Currently there are 5.7 million Americans in the United States with heart failure, which is the leading cause of hospitalization in patients 65 years of age and older.

Educational objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Clarify relative differences in pathophysiology and clinical features that distinguishes heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) from heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)
  • Recognize guidelines-recommended therapies for HFrEF and HFpEF and their limitations
  • Clarify how aging complexities add to the challenges of heart failure management

Reading Resources: 

  1. Maeder MT, Kaye DM. Heart failure with normal left ventricular ejection fraction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009;53:905-18
  2. McMurray JJ, Packer M, Desai AS, et al. Angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition versus enalapril in heart failure. N Engl J Med. 2014;371:993-1004
  3. Shah SJ, Kitzman DW, Borlaug BA, et al.  Phenotype-Specific Treatment of Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction: A Multiorgan Roadmap. Circulation. 2016;134:73-90


Dr. Forman has financial interests with the following any entity or entities producing health care goods or services as indicated below:

  • Research Funding: National Institute of Aging; Nitrate therapy in HFpEF

All presenters disclosure of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services, used on, or consumed by, patients is listed above.  No other planners, members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Accreditation Statement: 

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians. 

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of .75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Other health care professionals are awarded (0.75) continuing education units (CEU) which are equivalent to .75 contact hour.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 10/27/2017 | Last Modified On: 10/27/2017 | Expires: 10/29/2018


This course has been expired.