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In this publication, UPMC Drs. Nicholas Baker, Inderpal Sarkaria, Ryan Levy, Valentino Bianco, Ibrahim Sultan, Takashi Harano, Ernest G. Chan, Pablo Sanchez, and Derek R. Serna-Gallegos provide an update of cardiothoracic surgery.

Educational Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Work collaboratively with colleagues in other specialties to determine when first rib resection is indicated for relief of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS).
  • Explain the potential benefits of robot-assisted first rib resection for the treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome.
  • Implement their care of patients with primary cardiac malignancy by increasing their knowledge of treatments that improve long-term survival.
  • Recognize precautions taken to allow lung transplant to be performed safely during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Recognize anatomic factors that impact the ability to perform a successful endovascular repair in the ascending aorta.


Drs. Nicholas Baker, Inderpal Sarkaria, Ryan Levy, Valentino Bianco, Takashi Harano, Ernest G. Chan, Ibrahim Sultan, Pablo Sanchez, and Derek R. Serna-Gallegos have reported no relevant relationships with entities producing health care goods or services.

All presenters disclosure of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services, used on, or consumed by, patients is listed above.  No other planners, members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Accreditation Statement:

In support of improving patient care, the University of Pittsburgh is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

The University of Pittsburgh designates enduring material activity for a maximum of 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit[s]™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Other health care professionals will receive a certificate of attendance confirming the number of contact hours commensurate with the extent of participation in this activity.

For your credit transcript, please access our website 4 weeks post-completion at and follow the link to the Credit Transcript page. If you do not provide the last 5 digits of your SSN on the next page you will not be able to access a CME credit transcript. Providing your SSN is voluntary.

Release Date: 6/22/2021 | Last Modified On: 6/22/2021  | Expires: 6/22/2023

This course has been expired.